The term corrosion comes from the Latin “corrosio” and means it is corrosive. It is a gradual process of destroying materials, taking place between their surface and the surrounding environment. In relation to iron, the corrosion process means its tendency to revert to the natural form in which it occurs in nature, i.e. ores – most commonly Fe2O3.
“In 2010, it was estimated that direct and indirect corrosion costs in Poland accounted for approximately 8% of GDP, which corresponded to a total of PLN 100 billion, 25 times the national budget for science.”